Drawing on the authors' more than six years of R&D in location-based information systems (LBIS) as well as their participation in defining the Java ME Location API 2.0, Location-Based Information Systems: Developing Real-Time Tracking Applications provides information and examples for creating real-time LBIS based on GPS-enabled cellular phones. Each chapter presents a general real-time tracking system example that can be easily adapted to target any application domain and that can incorporate other sensor data to make the system "participatory sensing" or "human-centric sensing."
The book covers all of the components needed to develop an LBIS. It discusses cellular phone programming using the Java ME platform, positioning technologies, databases and spatial databases, communications, client- and server-side data processing, and real-time data visualization via Google Maps and Google Earth. Using freely available software, the authors include many code examples and detailed instructions for building your own system and setting up your entire development environment.
Although LBIS applications are still in the beginning stages, they have the potential to transform our daily lives, from warning us about possible health problems to monitoring pollution levels around us. Exploring this novel technology, Location-Based Information Systems describes the technical components needed to create location-based services with an emphasis on nonproprietary, freely available solutions that work across different technologies and platforms.
All the expert guidance you need to understand, build, and operate GPS receivers<br> <br> The Second Edition of this acclaimed publication enables readers to understand and apply the complex operation principles of global positioning system (GPS) receivers. Although GPS receivers are widely used in everyday life to aid in positioning and navigation, this is the only text that is devoted to complete coverage of their operation principles. The author, one of the foremost authorities in the GPS field, presents the material from a software receiver viewpoint, an approach that helps readers better understand operation and that reflects the forecasted integration of GPS receivers into such everyday devices as cellular telephones. Concentrating on civilian C/A code, the book provides the tools and information needed to understand and exploit all aspects of receiver technology as well as relevant navigation schemes:<br> * Overview of GPS basics and the constellation of satellites that comprise the GPS system<br> * Detailed examination of GPS signal structure, acquisition, and tracking<br> * Step-by-step presentation of the mathematical formulas for calculating a user's position<br> * Demonstration of the use of computer programs to run key equations<br> * Instructions for developing hardware to collect digitized data for a software GPS receiver<br> * Complete chapter demonstrating a GPS receiver following a signal flow to determine a user's position<br> <br> The Second Edition of this highly acclaimed text has been greatly expanded, including three new chapters:<br> * Acquisition of weak signals<br> * Tracking of weak signals<br> * GPS receiver related subjects<br> <br> Following the author's expert guidance and easy-to-follow style, engineers and scientists learn all that is needed to understand, build, and operate GPS receivers. The book's logical flow from basic concepts to applications makes it an excellent textbook for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in electrical engineering, wireless communications, and computer science.
Precision Aerial Delivery Systems: Modeling, Dynamics, and Control provides an overview of the recent developments in precision aerial cargo delivery from the standpoint of developing guidance, navigation and control (GNC) algorithms for the self-guided parafoil and parachute-based aerial delivery systems (PADS). Developing a robust GNC system involves aerodynamics modeling, structural and parametric system identification, understanding the environment PADS glides through developing and testing suitable navigation solutions, guidance strategies, and controllers. Introduction of ram-air gliding parachutes in Sportive sky diving in the early 1970s ended the era of round canopies. Availability of GPS in the late 1990s opened an era of autonomous vehicles, which boosted an interest in self-guided PADS. A substantial improvement in achieving a better landing accuracy demonstrated by the different-weight PADS during the last decade expanded the area of their potential usage. Miniaturization and availability of sensors allowed developing micro-light PADS that not only have their own market niche, but make it possible for universities to utilize these systems in their curricula and research along with other unmanned vehicles. Thus the intended audience for this book is not only professionals and researchers, but graduate and postgraduate students working in the areas of aerial systems modeling and GNC algorithms design as well. The book is coauthored by eleven experts and addresses the following topics: PADS and measures of their effectiveness; Basic analysis of the ram-air parachute; Key factors affecting PADS landing accuracy; Aerodynamic characterization of parafoils; Equations of motion; Stability and steady-state performance; Guidance, navigation, and control; Glide-angle control; Control of nonglidlng parachute systems; Flight test instrumentation; Parametrical identification of PADS.
Satellite navigation receivers are used to receive, process, and decode space-based navigation signals, such as those provided by the GPS constellation of satellites. There is an increasing need for a unified open platform that will enable enhanced receiver development and design, as well as cost-effective testing procedures for various applications. This book and companion DVD provide hands-on exploration of new technologies in this rapidly growing field.
One of the unique features of the work is the interactive approach used, giving readers the ability to construct their own Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) receivers. To construct such a reconfigurable receiver with a wide range of applications, the authors discuss receiver architecture based on software-defined radio (SDR) techniques. The presentation unfolds in a systematic, user-friendly style and goes from the basics to cutting-edge research.
Additional features and topics include:
* Presentation of basic signal structures used in GPS and Galileo, the European satellite navigation system
* Design and implementation of a GPS signal generator
* Presentation and analysis of different methods of signal acquisition-serial search; parallel-frequency space search; and parallel-code phase search-as well as code/carrier tracking and navigation data decoding
* A complete GPS software receiver implemented using MATLAB code as well as GPS and GIOVE-A signal records-available on the companion cross-platform DVD-allowing readers to change various parameters and immediately see their effects
* MATLAB-based exercises
* A hands-on method of testing the material covered in the book: supplementary front-end hardware equipment-which may be purchased at http: //ccar.colorado.edu/gnss-enables readers working on a Windows or LINUX system to generate real-world data by converting analog signals to digital signals
* Supplementary course material for instructors available at http: //gps.aau.dk/softgps
* Bibliography of recent results and comprehensive index
The book is aimed at applied mathematicians, electrical engineers, geodesists, and graduate students. It may be used as a textbook in various GPS technology and signal processing courses, or as a self-study reference for anyone working with satellite navigation receivers.
The health care sector has become a major component of the contemporary econo- mies of Japan and the United States. It absorbs significant proportions of the GDP in both countries and places increasing stress on private, government and corporate budgets. As their income rises, the citizens ofJapan and the United States choose to allocate increasing portions of it on health care services because ofthe direct contri- bution of health care services to prolonged life expectancy, reduced morbidity, or other indicators of improved health and well-being. The health care sector is a ma- jor source ofemployment and affects the lives of all citizens. Adequate health care services are expected to have an important contribution to the quality of human life in any society. With so much at stake, arrangements for planning, financing, and operating health care service systems have increasingly come to be regarded as im- portant economic and political issues. The political importance of health care is evidenced by the health care reform proposals of the Clinton administration in the United States and the deep involve- ment of the government in the medical care security system in Japan. As policy- makers in both countries look ahead to the coming decades, they realize that the imperatives of economic restructuring, globalization, and their rapidly aging socie- ties will affect the way in which health care is organized, delivered, and financed.
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